Just like everything else in the 21 century, architecture moves rapidly toward new trends. Old styles are left behind, and modern day architects work hard to realize futuristic designs previously reserved for science fiction novels and movie screens. As you will see, many of these ultra-modern creations are much more than just buildings – they’re works of art.
Every building listed here brings forward undisputed evidence that architecture is not just about function anymore. From innovative concepts, stunning designs, incredible facilities, and latest construction technologies, form is held to an equal (if not greater) standard.
As you will learn, architects take great pride in their work and spend a very long time deliberating the shapes, colours, and materials to be used for their creation. In this article, we will list 25 feats of ultra-modern architecture that will border between imaginative design and science fiction. That being said, let’s dive right in and start with the ridiculous Cybertecture Egg in Mumbai.
#25 – Cybertecture Egg (Mumbai, India)
As you can probably guess from the name, cybertecture is a marriage of architecture and technology. The egg integrates all of the cybertecture principles and takes them a step further – bringing extra focus to the occupants’ vital health statistics. Reportedly, the building will have the ability to monitor its occupants’ blood pressure and weight, as well as allow for real-time customization of virtual scenery.
This future-forward design was commissioned by Wadhwa Developers for Mumbai, India. Designed by James Law Cybertecture International, the egg-shaped building will encompass nearly 350,000 square feet, and incorporate the latest engineering breakthroughs and an eco-conscious environmental design.
Plans show that the building will come equipped with passive solar panels that will decrease heat gain and lower energy loads. Additionally, an elevated garden will help moderate temperatures through natural vegetation. As far as electricity goes, the building will be self-sustaining. The egg will use solar photovoltaic panels and rooftop wind turbines to satisfy all of its own onsite electricity needs. The design also accounts for water conservation, and will implement a recycling system that will collect water for irrigation and landscaping.
Although the gorgeous building is not built yet, the blueprints have been through multiple revisions, so it’s entirely possible that we’ll see this stunning egg on Mumbai’s horizon in the near future.
#24 – Abu Dhabi Performing Arts Centre (Abu Dhabi, UAE)
Abu Dhabi is known to spare no expense when it comes to exciting architectural designs. From the world’s only Ferrari theme park to the ridiculous Yas Hotel, designed to look like it’s covered in Jell-O, Abu Dhabi seemingly has it all (they even built a few islands for Pete’s sake). And now, thanks to Zaha Hadid Architects, Abu Dhabi will be getting a science-fictionesque cultural institution – a Performing Arts Centre.
The proposal included renderings of a 62-meter high building that will house five theaters with a combined seating capacity of 6,300. Despite its impressive size, the building is rumored to be eco-friendly and entirely self-sustaining. Ms. Hadid, the head architect, described the building as a “biological analogy,” that was inspired by natural and organic forms. You can clearly see these natural components translated into the design – check out the leaf-like windows, for example.
The Performing Arts Center will stand tall in the center of Abu Dhabi’s new cultural district, which is still rapidly expanding. The original design was proposed back in 2007 and has undergone multiple revisions since. Unfortunately, it’s unclear whether or not the project will ever be completed, considering that the architect in charge has recently passed away.
#23 – Aequorea, The Floating City (Coast of Rio de Janeiro)
As crazy as this rendering might seem, this is an actual proposal from a Belgian architect Vincent Callebaut and not a screenshot from a video game. The Aequorea imagines villages of entirely self-sufficient, spiraling, “oceanscrapers” scattered all over the world’s oceans.
The first ever jellyfish inspired “oceanscraper” is planned for the coastal waters of Rio de Janeiro. The proposal shows that each underwater eco-village can house up to 20,000 people. Aside from living space, Aequorea’s 250 floors will house offices, hotels, sports fields, farms, and science labs – all in a building that will reach a depth of up to 1000 meters.
The design of these towers is very well thought out, so there is no need to be concerned about the effects of strong currents, storms, or even earthquakes. The clever geometry and ballasting will counteract anything that nature decides to throw at this futuristic design. The plans also show that the thickness of the outer shell will increase from the sea surface downwards, to compensate for the increase in pressure.
Although the building is currently in the infancy of its concept stage, it’s hard not to get excited for a future where we can choose to live in self-sustaining pods atop the world’s most gorgeous oceans.
#22 – NOAH (New Orleans, United States)
NOAH, or the New Orleans Arcology Habitat was one of the many ambitious proposals for rebuilding New Orleans after hurricane Katrina. The enormous hyperstructure, or more accurately the megacity, was to be placed on the Mississippi River. The proposal called for a 30 million square foot building that had the capacity of housing upwards of 40,000 residents.
Aside from the 20,000 residential units, 1,500 timeshare units, and three hotels, the NOAH would include commercial space, public schools, healthcare facilities, and parking for 8,000 cars. Since NOAH includes everything you could possibly need within its triangular walls, you could, in theory, live your entire life without going outside. Not that you’d want to, but you could.
Despite its enormous size, NOAH will offset its giant ecological footprint due to the sheer number of occupants. Additionally, the structure would eliminate the need for cars on the inside, which would reduce overall CO2 output. Aside from that, the plans also included wind turbines, water recovery and storage systems, water turbines, and of course, thousands of solar panels.
Unfortunately, this amazing design never made it out of its concept stage, and it’s quite unlikely that we’ll see anything come of it. That being said, the future-forward design inspired a number of modern day architects to include some of these features in their projects, so, in a way – NOAH lives on.
#21 – Crescent Moon Tower (Dubai, UAE)
Dubai has accustomed us to otherworldly designs, and this crescent moon tower is no different. The down-turned half moon will symbolize Dubai’s commitment to the Islamic World, and will likely become a popular multi-purpose destination for locals and tourists alike.
This gorgeous 33-storey building is designed to accommodate a library, a conference facility, a restaurant, multiple cafes, and an open-air observation platform. Although the building location isn’t yet concrete, the tower is expected to be constructed near the desert, north of the Dubai World Trade Center.
The unusual shape of the construction will be a testament to Dubai’s advanced level of technical and economic development. Although the city is already riddled with architectural feats, the Crescent Moon will be something else. Aside from adding to the already gorgeous skyline, the tower is likely to become a tourist attraction of its own.
The Crescent Moon Tower made it out of the concept stage a couple of years ago, and although no end date has been revealed, it’s believed that the project will be completed within the next few years.
#20 – Wangjing Soho (Beijing, China)
Located between central Beijing and the Beijing Capital Airport, the Wangjing Soho is quite the feat of modern architecture. By now, China has already established itself as one of the most forward thinking nations when it comes to architecture and design. From Taipei 101 to the Jin Mao Tower, China has proven itself open to building unique, non-traditional structures.
The Wangjing Soho is the definition of non-traditional. The complex of three asymmetric skyscrapers contains both retail and office space, among many other mixed-use amenities. The Soho was proposed and built by the talented Zaha Hadid Architect group mentioned earlier (#24).
The three staggered towers (118m, 127m, and 200m) are designed to look like ‘mountains’ that provide the transition from buildings to landscape. Immediately next to the complex is a 60,000 square meter public park that really ties the composition together.
The Wangjing Soho is the first project on this list that has already been completed at the time of writing. The contractors didn’t waste any time, either, considering the giant 5,610,849 square foot complex was erected in less than 5 years.
#19 – One Thousand Museum (Miami, United States)
At first glance, this skyscraper looks like something out a science fiction movie. Probably has something to do with the curvy white lines of the exoskeleton, which make the museum seem almost alien-like. The futuristic design is appropriate – once complete, the museum will be the first building in the US to utilize glass-fiber reinforced concrete as an outer shell. The exoskeleton – a total of 4,800 pieces, will be shipped from Dubai during the early stages of the construction.
When complete, the building will rise 62 stories – comprising of both half- and full-floor residences, numerous duplex townhomes, and a (probably very expensive) duplex penthouse overlooking Museum Park and Biscayne Bay. The residential tower earned its name simply due to its location on 1000 Biscayne Boulevard in Miami.
The project was proposed back in 2014, but construction only started last summer. The good news – the construction is moving along swiftly; over 10,000 cubic yards of concrete were poured into the foundation over a period of 24 hours last July. Today, the project is still going strong, and although no exact deadline has been set, construction is expected to be completed sometime next year. Either way, it’s exciting to see what the museum actually ends up looking like.
#18 – The Bahá’í House of Worship (Delhi, India)
As you can probably tell from the image above, the Bahá’í House of Worship takes inspiration from the lotus flower, which is why it’s commonly referred to as the Lotus Temple. The house of worship is composed of 27 free-standing, marble clad “petals” arranged in groups of three to form nine sides. Each side of the temple has its own set of doors, which allows for an effortless flow of guests in and out of its massive 2,500-person central hall.
Despite its futuristic appearance, the Lotus Temple was completed back in 1986, which was certainly an architectural achievement. Standing at over 110 feet, with a diameter of 230 feet, the Lotus Temple became the Mother Temple of the Indian subcontinent. This has inevitably lead to it ranking quite highly on the list of the city’s attractions. In fact, back in 2001, a CNN report referred to the Lotus Temple as the most visited building in the world.
Due to its future-forward design, Fariborz Sahba, the Iranian architect that designed it, received acclaim for the project before it was even completed. After the construction was finished the temple went on to win Sahba a number of other awards in architecture.
#17 – National Library of Belarus (Minsk, Belarus)
Located in Minsk, Belarus – the 22 story rhombicuboctahedron stands at just over 235 feet. The gorgeous library can comfortably seat about 2,000 readers, and it’s not uncommon that the vast majority of these seats are occupied by visitors. The building also features a 500-seat conference hall, as well as the only public observation deck in the capital. Besides the unique geometry of the building, it’s also worth noting that the library is completely covered in LED lights, which are used to show various displays every evening.
The construction of the library began back in 2002. It was a large-scale project, which involved more than 5,000 people and 200 corporations. During the peak of construction, up to 3,000 people worked on site 24 hours every day.
The building was completed in January of 2006, and since then, thousands of people have been visiting it every day. As of today, the library houses nearly 9 million printed materials, which makes the National Library of Belarus one of the largest libraries in the world. Due to the size of the library it quickly became a tourist hotspot, and today the area in front of the library is used for many public concerts and shows.
#16 – The Graz Art Museum (Graz, Austria)
This strange, amoeba-shaped Museum of Art is a piece of art in itself. Designed by Peter cook and Colin Fournier, the Graz Art Museum quickly became an architectural landmark due to its prime location in the city center as well as its unconventional architecture. Shortly after it was erected, the museum earned the nickname of “Friendly Alien,” for its bold design.
The blob-shaped building contains some of the best contemporary art in the world, along with design, new media, film, and photography. Despite making quite a statement with its own design, the building has a very minimal environmental footprint – thanks largely to the clever construction of its roof. The rounded exterior consists of 1,299 semi-transparent acrylic glass panels, which generate energy with built-in photovoltaic panels.
The museum was definitely ahead of its time, considering it first opened its doors back in 2003. Although it’s hard to tell from photographs, the Friendly Alien is actually rather large – spanning over 27,00 square feet. Another interesting fact about the Graz is the fact that it doesn’t collect or maintain any permanent exhibition, but it simply provides the room to showcase both local and international exhibitions of multidisciplinary, modern, and contemporary art from the last 4 decades.
#15 – New Beijing Poly Plaza (Beijing, China)
The New Beijing Poly Plaza looks like a building that was torn straight out of a Blade Runner movie. The 180 million dollar project was completed in 2007 for the China Poly Group Corporation and was set to serve as their new corporate headquarters.
As you can see from the image above, the Poly Plaza has three main components – the L-shaped office building, the glass-enclosed atrium, and a hanging structure referred to as “lantern” (we’ll talk about it a little later). The glass wall, which faces northeast, helps moderate the interior climate. The clever angles of the south and west walls of the plaza are positioned just right so that they will reflect direct sunlight. Between all of the “little” things that make this building as comfortable as it is, it seems that everything has been thought of and accounted for – it’s quite impressive…
It’s also worth noting that the building incorporates the largest cable-net wall in the world. Measuring at 90 meters high by 60 meters wide, the wall is counterbalanced by the 8-storey “lantern” hanging from four parallel strand cables on the outside of the building. The lantern has no support columns from the ground, making it essentially a building hanging from another building.
#14 – United States Air Force Academy Cadet Chapel (Colorado, United States)
This alien-looking Cadet Chapel was designed by Walter Netsch nearly 55 years ago. Standing at 150 feet, the chapel is best known for its row of seventeen spires. Interestingly enough, the original design called for nineteen spires, but two had to be cut due to unplanned budget issues. According to some estimates, the shell of the chapel alone cost about $3.5 million to build. Many parts were put together off-site and shipped to the location via rail.
The building consists of a tubular steel frame of 100 identical tetrahedrons (each 75 feet long), spaced a foot apart. This spacing in the framework was designed to create a gap for the 1-inch-thick coloured glass that would allow for the passage of natural light.
The chapel became a highly regarded example of modernist architecture, and its designer, Walter Netsch, won a number of awards including the American Institute of Architects’ National 25-year award in 1996. The spiked building was also recently named a U.S. National Historic Landmark. It’s also interesting to note that the chapel was designed to house three distinct worship areas all under the same roof.
#13 – Design Museum Holon (Holon, Israel)
The Design Museum Holon is located in Israel, where it stands as a national platform for the presentation of design. The museum had to figure out how it would differentiate themselves from the rest of the design world, and thankfully they knew just the right man for the job. James Foster, along with associates were called in and given a budget of $4,000 per square meter – or about $16 million to complete the project.
In 2016, the design was finalized and construction begun, although the museum didn’t open until 2010. The finished project struck a balance between the curvaceous external envelope and the efficient internal arrangement of box-like spaces. The curvature of the building allowed for natural guidance of visitors through the museum, which was a design feat of its own.
The building stands on a semi-rectangular 40,000 square foot lot and faces the heart of the city. The gentle topography of the site is articulated by the two staggered floors, and the five steel bands wrapped around it. An interesting fact about the bands – they’re never fully obstructed from the visitor’s site and help act as a navigational device while inside of the museum.
#12 – Capital Hill Residence (Moscow, Russia)
This futuristic design was put together by Zaha Hadid for a private home in Barvikha Forest near Moscow, Russia. The spaceship-looking home was designed for a Russian oligarch, Vladislav Doronin – who is often times referred to as “Moscow’s Donald Trump – and his bombshell of a wife, supermodel Naomi Campbell.
The house took nearly six years to complete, but it was finally finished in 2013. The gorgeous villa consists of two main components held together by fluid geometries. The lower part is merged with the naturally sloping landscape, while a separate volume “floats” 22 meters above the ground to offer up a breathtaking view of the landscape.
The second floor of the villa is a gigantic master bedroom, which is accessible via an elevator. The rest of the house is divided up based on the amenities present on each floor. The lower level consists of a living room, massage and fitness areas, as well as a spacious sauna. One level up, on the ground floor, is the main living room, kitchen, entertainment, car parking lot, and yeah – an indoor pool, obviously.
#11 – Central Bank of Iraq (Baghdad, Iraq)
By now the name Zaha Hadid Architects should start to sound familiar to you, and for good reason. The architecture firm is notorious for their stunning future-forward designs that the world is craving. In 2011, the Central Bank of Iraq was looking to redesign their building, and Zaha Hadid won the bid.
Pictured above is the current design for the Central Bank headquarters. Although the design is not yet finalized, it’s hard to look at that rendering and not let your jaw drop in awe. The proposed design includes a single, 600-foot tower, that would rise from the sloping banks of the Tigris River.
Just like the One Thousand Museum (designed by her) mentioned earlier, the Central Bank building will also have an exoskeleton. This time, however, with many more straight lines, and rigid angles.
As beautiful as the design may be, the future of the building remains unclear. As mentioned earlier, Zaha Hadid has passed away a few months ago, and this project never made it out of the design phase. Unfortunately, this means that we may never see the tower come to fruition.
#10 – Hangzhou Waves (Hangzhou, China)
Julien De Smedt Architects have been awarded the first prize for their Hangzhou Waves proposal, which unveiled not one, but two gorgeous buildings destined for the financial district of Hangzhou Xintiandi of China. Although the two sister buildings are quite different in their geometry – both push the limits when it comes to futuristic architecture.
The sloping buildings are quite different in their exterior, as well as their programmatic entities – one is destined to be a five-star hotel, and the other will serve as an office space. One thing these volumes have in common, however, is their attitude towards sustainability. Both will receive an abundance of sunlight, reducing the need for artificial lighting, and more importantly – both will come equipped with green roofs, which should help offset their emissions.
The relationship between the pair is reinforced by their back-to-back position, where the buildings appear to mirror one another. Upon closer inspection, specifically from above, one will notice that these buildings are quite different in their set up. The “pixelated” twin (the hotel) surrounds an inner courtyard while the office’s sleek curves gently slope towards the canal – providing a breathtaking view of the park, as well as the city skyline.
#9 – Songjiang Hotel (Shanghai, China)
At first glance, this unique building might resemble a villain’s lair from a James Bond film, but upon a closer inspection, you might be disappointed to learn that it’s just a hotel. Well, not just any hotel, but one of the most bold, and environmentally-conscious hotels in the world. Aside from the ecological efforts, the five-star hotel holds customer satisfaction to the highest regard. The building is equipped with amenities sure to please any guest. From shopping outlets, clubs, giant aquariums to underwater restaurants and bungee jumping, there is something for everyone.
Construction of this eco-friendly hotel began in 2013, with the goal of merging comfort with sustainability. The hotel was built into an already existing rock face, more specifically a 100-meter high quarry near Shanghai. The hotel gathers all of its energy from geothermal forces and features a beautiful green roof that is said to offset the majority of its emissions.
Designed by the UK architecture firm Arkins – the hotel features more than 400 rooms, and spans over 19 stories, two of which are submerged beneath the water. The stunning structure is tied together with the giant waterfall pouring down one of its sides.
#8 – Beijing International Airport (Beijing, China)
The ‘mothership’ looking airport was completed in 2008, as the gateway to Beijing for the 29th Olympic Games. China is known for its willingness to push the boundaries of what is considered “modern,” and this construction is no different. Pictured above is Beijing’s ridiculous international terminal 3, which also happens to be the largest and most advanced airport building in the world. During the planning stage, the terminal was designed to accommodate 50 million passengers per year by 2020.
Terminal 3, along with the Ground Transportation Center, enclose a floor area of more than 1.3 million square meters. To put that number into perspective – terminal 3 is 17% larger than the combined floor space of all 5 of Heathrow’s terminals. That’s quite an impressive architectural feat, considering the project went from the design stage to completion in just 4 years.
Aside from its impressive size, the terminal also raises the bar of environmental design. Features such as the southeast oriented skylights – which maximize heat gain, and the integrated environment-control system – that minimizes energy consumption, make it one of the most sustainable airport buildings out there. Additionally, the design optimized the performance of materials available locally to minimize the cost of procurement.
#7 – Fuel Station + McDonald’s (Batumi, Georgia)
Designing a McDonald’s and a gas station might not sound like a glamorous job, but for Georgian architect, Giorgi Khmaladze, it was. Called upon by city officials, he was instructed to design a building that wouldn’t resemble a regular gas station, as the city was concerned about ruining the atmosphere of the area. Giorgi proposed to combine the gas station and the McDonald’s, and designed a single, elongated building to house both.
His sleek design is very geometric and is certainly one of a kind. The elongated shape creates a pointy “roof” that cantilevers on one side, creating a canopy for the fuel station. The entrance to the fast food restaurant is located on the opposite side – as the architect wanted to keep the two as far separated as possible. He achieved this feel, considering neither the restaurant nor the gas station is visible from their opposite side.
Aside from the future forward design, the building also incorporates a 6500 square foot green roof system, which “restores” the natural environment occupied by the building’s own footprint. The design also includes a very large skylight, which brings in enough natural light during the day, so that no artificial lighting is necessary until nightfall.
#6 – Khan Shatyr (Astana, Kazakhstan)
This UFO looking tent is already a reality, and it’s erected in Astana, Kazakhstan. Designed by the Foster + Partners architecture firm, the Khan Shatyr Entertainment Center sparked a lot of discussion in the architecture world. Not only is this entertainment center the tallest tent in the world, but the fact that it was erected in the harsh environment makes this design feat even more impressive.
Standing at 150 meters high, with a 200-meter radius, the tent contains over 100,000 square meters under its translucent canopy. Due to the harsh weather conditions in Kazakhstan (weather ranges from 35ºC in the summer to -35º in the winter) the structure is covered with a three-layer envelope that allows it to maintain a year-round temperature of 15-30 degrees.
The tent itself consists of a center tripod column, which supports the cable web system, which in turn holds up the ‘skin’ of the tent. The building houses a park, a shopping mall, a movie complex, a water park, multiple eateries, and much more. Khan Shatyr was designed to symbolize Kazakhstan breaking from its isolation to join the increasingly interconnected world.
#5 – Gardens by the Bay (Singapore)
Back in 2012, two of the largest climatized conservatories in the world were constructed to serve as the architectural centerpiece of Singapore’s $510 million Bay South Garden. These elongated domes were the first part of the spectacular Gardens by the Bay project that has since been completed.
The urban park has been crowned as the Best Building of the Year in 2013 by the World Architectural Festival – and for good reason. The masterpiece takes natural elements and ties them together with the concrete jungle to create the garden city of the future. The whole project was built on reclaimed land, and in the absence of natural landscapes, the gardens serve as landmarks of their own.
Sustainability was a starting point for the entire project, so it should come as no surprise that every consideration was given to passive climate control techniques. The climate within is maintained via a computer-controlled shading system that has been integrated into the fabric of the building itself. So the glass and steel cooled conservatories manage to bring the climate of the Mediterranean and Cloud Forest regions to the tropical Singapore – quite an achievement.
#4 – The Crystal (London, England)
Judging from this list so far, one could think that architecture is moving away from parallel lines, and this sharp design further confirms that. This crazy building, accurately named – ‘The Crystal,’ was designed to house the Siemens’ global Center of Competence Cities, a team of multidisciplinary experts that focus on encouraging the growth of sustainable cities.
Due to the nature of the company set to occupy the building, it was important that The Crystal was built with the environment in mind. After many revisions of the design, the version you see today was built – achieving the highest international sustainability credentials for a building (LEED Platinum). The $40 million project incorporates some of the latest green technology on the market. Fun fact – the crystal is at least 90% water self-sufficient, which makes it one of the first buildings in the UK to be able to claim that.
Although The Crystal is occupied by the Siemens’ Center, it’s also open to the public. Inside, one will find a spacious 270-seat auditorium, lots of office space, electric vehicle charging points, and a cafe. Aside from all that, The Crystal houses the world’s largest exhibition on the future of cities, covering over 21,500 square feet.
#3 – Burj Khalifa (Dubai, UAE)
As you probably already know, Burj Khalifa is the tallest building in the world – reaching to 2,716.5 feet above the ground. The tower was designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill architecture group – which is also known for designing the Willis Tower, and the new One World Trade Center.
The design features an abstraction of the Hymenocallis flower, as you can see in Burj Khalifa’s triple-lobed footprint. The three elements of the tower are all arranged around a central core, which emerges at the top and comes together in a sharp spire. Although it might be hard to tell from the image above, the Burj Khalifa has a “Y-shaped” floor plan, which serves two purposes. First, it allows for a very stable configuration of floor plates, and second – it maximizes the views of the Arabian Gulf.
Aside from the impressive building, Dubai spent a fair chunk of change ($217 million) of designing and building a fountain system that would compliment the Burj Khalifa. The fountain spans 900 feet and shoots water up to 500 feet into the air. Additionally, the Burj Khalifa is home to the world’s highest observation deck at a height of 1,821 feet (148th floor).
#2 – Hermitage Plaza (Paris, France)
The Hermitage Plaza is a project that will consist of 6 buildings, most prominent of which are the two twin towers pictured above. When completed, the towers will stretch to 1050 feet – making them the tallest buildings in the European Union. For reference, the tip of the Eiffel Tower is at 1063 feet.
Aside from reaching new heights in Europe, these towers will also establish themselves es a distinctive symbol of future-forward architecture on the Parisian skyline. Further building on the notion of future-forward architecture, the twin buildings will incorporate glazed facade panels that will catch enough sunlight despite the direction of the rays over the course of the day. Additionally, the angle of the panels will promote self-shading, and allow for the draw of fresh air via the extensive ventilation system.
Aside from housing office space, the Hermitage Plaza will incorporate a hotel, spa, residential units, retail spaces, and even a cafe. Currently, the plans call for construction to begin next year, with the completion date set to sometime in 2021. Once finished, the plaza will create a new 24-hour destination for the city.
#1 – Infinity Tower (Dubai, UAE)
At the top of our list is the Infinity Tower, twisting, and scratching the sky 1,004 feet above the ground. Erected in none other than Dubai, the unique skyscraper is the world’s tallest high-rise building with a 90º twist from its base. Interestingly enough, the tower was erected without a single structural pillar anywhere on the inside of the building.
The 75-storey tower is a purely residential construction which houses nearly 500 apartments with dynamic waterfront views. Due to the twist, the views vary greatly depending on where in the tower you are. Residents from the lower part will find themselves oriented towards the Dubai Marina, and those on the upper floors will get to enjoy the gorgeous views of the Persian Gulf.
The twist of the building was achieved due to the slight rotation of every floor plate – all of which were identical. On average, each floor plate was rotated just over one degree, floor after floor, which, after a 307-meter rise amounted to a full 90-degree twist. Aside from the aesthetic appeal of the building, the unique form reduces the wind load, as well as solar heat gain when compared to a regular (rectilinear) building of the same height.